Computers and the Environment
While the computer industry has an image as a "clean" business, in fact both the manufacture and the disposal of electronic devices involve serious dangers to people and the environment. Toxic workplaces and equally toxic e-waste (electronic waste) present major health issues. The US alone has over 500 million obsolete computers, with fewer than 10% being recycled.
Many people are working on these issues, and major "green computing" efforts are underway, but the problem remains a very serious one impacting thousands of people and many environments.
The issue is very much an environmental justice one since both the workers endangered in the US and around the world tend to be women and people of color, and because most of the e-waste is exported from the developed world and dumped on the Global South where protections for disassemblers are largely non-existent.
The videos and web sites below provide both information on these problems, and links to groups that are trying to help solve them.
Introductory Analyses and Data
- The Rap on E-Waste
- Where Does E-Waste End Up?
- E-Waste: Dumping on the Poor
- BBC on E-Waste
- E-Waste, from GOOD magazine
- E-Waste: National Geographic Guide
- The Global E-Waste Crisis
- Hazadous E-Waste Surging from Science Daily
Some Groups Working on Solutions
Selected Books and Articles
Gabry, Jennifer. Digital Rubbish: A Natural History of Electronics. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Digital Books, 2011
Grossman, Elizabeth. High Tech Trash: Digital Devices, Hidden Toxics, and Human Health. Oncan, UK: Shearwater, 2007.
Hilty, Lorenz M. Information Technology and Sustainability: Essays on the Relationship between Information Technology and Sustainable Development. Books on Demand, 2008.
Murugesan, Sam. Making IT Green IT Professional 12.2 (Mar/Apr 2010): 4-5. Brief, balanced article on the negative impacts of IT and work being done to correct those toxic side-effects.
Pellow, David and Lisa Park. The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy. NY: NYU Press, 2002. Best book on the toxic dangers to workers of IT labor in US and globally.
Smith, Ted, et al. eds. Challenging the Chip: Labor Rights and Environmental Justice in the Global Electronics Industry. Temple UP, 2006. Excellent collection of essays on.
Tomlinson, Bill. Greening Through IT: Information Technology for Environmental Sustainability. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010. Comprehensive look at how IT is being used around the world in support of all manner of environmental sustainability research and practice.
Extensive e-Waste Bibligraphy From eWaste Guide: stresses science.